Sucralose, marketed as Splenda, is being criticized because its slogan that it is "made from sugar, so it tastes like sugar" leaves the impression that it is a natural sugar. It isn't. It does not occur in nature but is made by treating sugar with chlorine, which prevents the body from burning it for energy. Because it tastes 600 times sweeter than sugar, very little is needed to obtain the same sweetness as table sugar. There are questions about its safety but no evidence of problems if it is used in reasonable amounts.
The ideal artificial sweetener would taste like sugar and be as sweet as sugar with no calories and no aftertaste. It would also dissolve easily in water, be stable when heated, not promote tooth decay, and be safe and economical to use. Erythritol seems to meet all these goals except the price.
Erythritol is a natural sweetener, found in fruit such as grapes, melons, and pears. Our diet typically supplies 50-100 milligrams of erythritol per day, which doesn't account for much sweetness. Erythritol is a sugar alcohol like sorbitol and some other sugar substitutes, but the molecule is smaller, with four carbons instead of six. Unlike sorbitol, erythritol does not provoke diarrhea or other stomach problems because it is easily absorbed.
|Table Sugar||1 Tbsp||¼ cup||1/3 cup||½ cup||1 cup|
|Sweet Leaf Sweet Drops Liquid Stevia||1/8 tsp||½ tsp||2/3 tsp||1 tsp||2 tsp|
|NOW Better Stevia Extract Powder||1/62 tsp||1/16 tsp||1/12 tsp||1/10 tsp||¼ tsp|
|Swerve*||1 Tbsp||¼ cup||1/3 cup||1/2 cup||1 cup|
|NuSweet Liquid Sucralose||3 drops||12 drops||15 drops||24 drops||48 drops|
|Pyure Organic Stevia All-Purpose Blend*||½ Tbsp||1/8 cup||1/6 cup||¼ cup||½ cup|
|Xylitol*||1 Tbsp||¼ cup||1/3 cup||½ cup||1 cup|
|Trim Healthy Mama Sweet Blend*||½ tsp||2 tsp||1 Tbsp||1 Tbsp + 2 tsp||3 Tbsp|
|Erythritol*||1 Tbsp + 1 tsp||1/3 cup||1/3 cup + 2 Tbsp||2/3 cup||1 1/3 cup|
|Pure Monk||0.04 tsp||1/6 tsp||¼ tsp||1/3 tsp||2/3 tsp|
|Monk Fruit In The Raw*||1 Tbsp||¼ cup||1/3 cup||½ cup||1 cup|
|Lakanto Monkfruit 1:1 Sugar Substitute*||1 Tbsp||¼ cup||1/3 cup||½ cup||1 cup|
Erythritol: Large amounts (more than about 40 or 50 grams or 10 or 12 teaspoons) of this sugar alcohol sometimes cause nausea, but smaller amounts are fine. (Sensitivities vary among individuals.) Erythritol, small amounts of which occur naturally in some fruits, is about 60 to 70 percent as sweet as table sugar and has at most one-twentieth as many calories. Unlike the high-potency sweeteners, erythritol provides the bulk and “mouthfeel” of sugar.
sucralose:We rate sucralose as caution. The same lab that found that aspartame caused cancer also announced—but has not yet published—its findings that sucralose caused leukemia in mice that were exposed to it from before birth.
Erythritol is a type of sugar alcohol often added to foods as a low calorie sweetener.
It’s found naturally in foods like fruits and mushrooms, and it can also be produced by fermenting the simple sugars found in corn with yeast.
You can purchase erythritol powder and use it in place of sugar when preparing your favorite baked goods, snacks, and beverages.
On the other hand, stevia is a natural sweetener derived from the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana, a plant native to certain parts of South America.
It’s often used as an alternative to regular sugar and can be found in many low calorie products.
Although stevia is widely available in powdered form, many varieties are made from rebaudioside A, a highly concentrated compound extracted from the leaves of the stevia plant. Those varieties are often blended with other sweeteners, including erythritol.
Erythritol is a sugar alcohol found naturally in many foods and produced from the simple sugars in corn. Meanwhile, stevia is a natural sweetener derived from the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana.
Comparing nutrients in erythritol and stevia
Both erythritol and stevia are significantly lower in calories and carbohydrates than regular sugar.
For reference, table sugar contains approximately 4 calories per gram.
Meanwhile, erythritol contains just 5% of the calories that sugar contains at approximately 0.2 calories per gram. It’s also only about 60–80% as sweet as regular sugar.
Similarly, stevia is considered a nonnutritive sweetener, meaning it’s virtually calorie-free.
Stevia extracts may contain several different compounds extracted from the stevia leaf, which can be anywhere from 50–400 times as sweet as regular sugar.
Although stevia does contain small amounts of certain vitamins and minerals, they are typically removed during processing.
Additionally, because both sweeteners are only used in small amounts, they are unlikely to contribute many nutrients to your diet.
Erythritol contains 0.2 calories per gram and is 60–80% as sweet as sugar. Stevia is calorie-free and can be 50–400 times as sweet as sugar, depending on the specific compounds it contains.
Xylitol is extracted from corncobs or hardwood trees. It ranks seven on the glycemic scale. Our, YouFirst Xylitol, is made from corncobs. Corncobs are a preferred source for xylitol, it is much more sustainable and environmentally friendly. In China, most corn is harvested by hand and so at the harvest there are big piles of corn cobs that need to be disposed of. To get rid of this they build xylitol production facilities.
Erythritol, is a sugar alcohol made from sugar with a fermenting agent added. It is naturally found in fruits such as cantaloupe as well as in grapes. It is also a natural byproduct of the fermentation of bacteria in our digestive system. It is normally made from glucose that is created from corn or wheat starch. It explains the process to us in a bit more details: “the starch is first treated with enzymes (special proteins) that break the starch down into glucose. This glucose is then mixed with yeast, such as Moniliella pollinis or Trichosporonoides megachliensis, and the yeast ferments the glucose to form erythritol. The fermented mixture is then heated (in order to kill off the yeast) an dried (by boiling off all the water) so that erythritol crystals are formed. These crystals are then washed (to remove impurities), redissolved, purified again (using a special kind of chemical filter) and finally are isolated in solid form, at which point the erythritol is safe for human consumption.”
Data for animals and humans suggest that the consumption of added sugars leads to kidney damage and related metabolic derangements that increase cardiovascular risk. Importantly, the consumption of added sugars has been found to induce insulin resistance and increase uric acid in humans, both of which increase the conversion of glucose.
For bulk Sucralose and Erythritol powder, please contact us at email: [email protected]