Although the EU has corresponding centralized views on “new resource foods”, each member country has great freedom to decide in specific practices. Of course, Bulgaria’s openness to the CBD market will not affect the cautious attitude of the CBD market. And countries that strictly support the “new resource food” regulations, including the United Kingdom, Germany, and France.
Throughout continental Europe, Belgian and Austrian authorities do not allow the sale of CBD products under any circumstances. The Irish Food Safety Authority classifies CBD products according to the production methods used. The CBD oil extracted by cold pressing of cannabis seeds can be sold, provided that the oil contains a low level of CBD. In contrast, the CBD for supercritical CO2 extraction is classified as “new resource food” by the Irish authorities and needs to be approved before listing.
Switzerland is not an EU country, but the law is relatively loose, allowing the sale of some CBD products. However, in March 2019, a Swiss court ruled that the sales tax on cannabis was set at 25%, which is the same as the current applicable tobacco tax rate, and pointed out that the consumption of cannabis was similar to that of cigarettes. Existing Swiss legislation allows the sale of cannabis containing less than 1% of THC. THC is a psychoactive chemical that has a hallucinogenic effect on the human body. It has been sold in Swiss tobacco stores since 2017, and THC is not allowed in industrial cannabis that is legally grown in China.
In April 2019, the European Parliament's Agriculture Committee approved a revised proposal to allow farmers to grow cannabis varieties, raising the maximum THC level from 0.2% to 0.3%. The proposal will take effect on January 1, 2021, which means that the THC content of legally grown cannabis varieties does not exceed 0.3%.