The value of edible fungi
1, nutritional value
Edible fungi are rich in protein, fat, trace elements, vitamins and other nutrients required by the human body. More importantly, the nutrients and quality of the nutrients it contains are particularly suitable for the needs of the human body. For example, the eight essential amino acids necessary for the human body in the edible fungus are complete and high in content. More than 75% of its fat is linoleic acid, which has excellent effects on promoting brain development and maintaining cardiovascular health. Edible fungus is a kind of health food, which is recognized as one of the top ten health foods in the world.
2, health and medicinal value
Edible fungi contain many active ingredients that have health care effects on the human body, such as fungal polysaccharides, adenosine, guanidine, pyrimidine and other components, and some also contain triterpenoids, sterols, flavonoids and the like. These ingredients are particularly suitable for the needs of the human body and have a very high therapeutic value for the human body.
Fungal polysaccharides - the soul of edible fungi
Fungal polysaccharide, which is a kind of β-type heteropolysaccharide with three-dimensional structure, has no sweet taste, can not be digested and decomposed by human body, does not cause blood sugar to rise, has unique pharmacological effects, and is safe and has no side effects. The soul of the edible fungus function.
1. Polysaccharide content in the growth stage of fungi
Three stages, title, polysaccharide content
Fruiting body woody 1%
Sporophyte seeds 2-3%
Mycelium embryo 15%
2, fungal polysaccharides and cell health
Cell health is the foundation of human health. The human body is composed of about 60 trillion cells. About 500,000 cells die every second. At the same time, there are 500,000 cells regenerated. When the dead cells exceed 70% of the total number of human cells. The life of a person is also over.
The simple structure of cells, which consists of three parts: the nucleus, the cytoplasm and the cell membrane.
Nucleus: The nucleus is located in the center of the cell. Although the volume is small, it is the "command" that determines all the genetic characteristics of the body and all physiological behaviors of the cell.
Cytoplasm: The cytoplasm is a translucent substance outside the nucleus and inside the cell membrane. There are many organelles inside it, which perform various functions of the cell.
Cell membrane: The cell membrane is a membrane outside the cell. The cell membrane separates the cell from the extracellular part, making it the smallest basic unit of the living body, enabling the life activities of the living body to proceed in an orderly manner.
The cell membrane is a semi-permeable, flowing membrane composed of lipid-like and protein molecules embedded in it, and the glycoprotein bound by protein molecules and polysaccharide covers the surface of the membrane. Extramembranous nutrients or drugs are captured by receptor bonds such as glycoproteins on the membrane and then transferred to the cells, so the cell membrane is also an organelle.
Fungal polysaccharide - cell repair agent
Receptors on cell membranes often fall off due to various factors, such as chemical pollution (pesticide, chemicals, industrial emissions, etc.), food additives (preservatives, synthetic pigments, etc.), radiation (radiation, electromagnetic waves, etc.), spirit Stress, bad habits (smoking, alcohol, etc.), aging... can cause damage to cells. After the receptor on the cell membrane falls off, the polysaccharides in the intercellular substance are reconnected to form a dynamic equilibrium.
However, the time to form a balance is different. The body with strong vitality has more polysaccharides and other substances stored in the interstitial cells. The cell receptors are repaired quickly after being damaged. The elderly are weak and sick, and the repair is slow. Therefore, there are fewer receptors on the cell membrane, and the fine energy will decrease and the disease cell function will be produced. When the extracellular polysaccharide is deficient, the perforation on the cell membrane cannot be repaired in time, and the active substance in the cell will overflow.
The fungal polysaccharide can timely supplement the polysaccharides and other substances in the interstitial cells, so that the damaged cells can be repaired in time to maintain the health of the cells and prolong the life of the cells, thereby achieving the purpose of human health. Fungal polysaccharide can significantly improve the fluidity and tightness of the cell membrane. After culturing with fungal polysaccharides, the senescent cells increased the degree of closure by 11%, the fluidity by 32%, and the improvement of cell membrane fluidity and clogging, indicating that the physiological function of the cells was improved.
The main efficacy of fungal polysaccharides
1, immune regulation: start the immune system, two-way regulation of immunity.
2, inhibition of tumor activity: anti-mutation, anti-oxidation, eliminate free radicals, enhance the body's overall immunity, inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells, induce tumor cell apoptosis.
3, liver protection: promote the recovery of liver cells, improve cell viability, induce interferon, anti-virus, prevent liver cirrhosis.
4, lowering blood fat: lowering the content of cholesterol and triglycerides, reducing the deposition of lipids on the blood vessel wall, inhibiting platelet aggregation and reducing blood viscosity.
5, regulate blood pressure: dilate blood vessels, reduce bile alcohol, improve blood vessel elasticity.
6, lowering blood sugar: promote the secretion of insulin, improve the body's load on sugar.
7, laxative: promote the excretion of toxins to prevent dry stools.
8, calming analgesia: regulate the nervous system, improve sleep quality, improve the function of nerve cells.
9, antitussive and expectorant: relieve bronchial smooth muscle spasm, inhibit the release of allergic substances. Promote the regeneration and repair of tracheal mucosal epithelial cells.
10, anti-aging: remove free radicals, regulate the balance of neuroendocrine immune system, promote metabolism, improve the overall quality of the human body.
11, antibacterial, anti-virus: start human immunity, inhibit the growth and reproduction of bacteria, viruses,
12, improve gout: absorption of uric acid, reduce swelling and pain.